The beautiful Pabha Sanctuary, known equally well as the Milroy Sanctuary, is situated in the Lakhimpur District of Assam, an official government state in India. Although it is the natural habitat of many different animal- and plant species, this sanctuary was designed to protect the magnificent Asiatic Water Buffalo. It is fairly small, measuring less than 50 square kilometres, but is a beautiful and fascinating reserve for the protection and preservation of this species.

The Milroy Sanctuary is a popular tourist destination, luring travellers from all over India and the world. Its natural scenery is gorgeous, creating a spectacle for the eye and lasting memories of the stunning land of India. The best time to visit the park in terms of its weather pattern as well as the proliferation of animals is between the months of November and April.

The Pabha or Milroy Sanctuary is also very accessible. Visitors can reach it by air, road or rail. The Guwahati Airport is the closest one to the sanctuary, and is well connected to the international airports in Kolkata and Delhi.

Image of an Indian Rhinoceros

Rhinoceros, (Rhinoceros unicornis)
cooling off in pool of water

The Asiatic Water Buffalo is divided into domestic and wild sub-species. The domestic sub-species is used for farming in south Asia as well as in South America, North Africa and certain parts of Europe. Although this sub-species originally came from the Wild Asiatic Water Buffalo, it has been bred to the point of being considered an entirely different sub-species.

The Wild Water Buffalo is known for its affinity to water. These animals can be found in India, Nepal, Thailand and Bhutan. There are only a few thousand animals belonging to this sub-species left. This is partly due to the weakened genetic condition that has come about as a result of the interbreeding of this animal with its domestic counterparts. Other factors, such as water pollution, air pollutions, industrialisation and so on also factor into the dangers that these animals are facing.

Assam itself is known for its population of Indian Rhinos, also known as One-horned Rhinos. This is an endangered species that suffered extensive hunting during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Other animals that are common in this state include the Pygmy Hog, Golden Langur, Bengal Florican and Hoolock Gibbon. There are also several Hindu festivals that take place in Assam every year. Visitors to the Pabha or Milroy Sanctuary are encouraged to extend their travels in and around the state to learn more about its rich cultural, historical and natural abundance.

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