Bengal Tiger in Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve.
The Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve is a valued treasure, situated in India. One of the reasons for its precious value is that it is the only tiger reserve in the entire state of Andhra Pradesh. Another reason is because it is the largest tiger reserve in India at 3568 square kilometres, allowing plenty of room for the exquisite Bengal Tiger, which enjoys roaming its habitat in search of food. This park was established under the management of Project Tiger in 1983 and has since been run with the intention of preserving this delicate species. Today, tigers (and other wild animals) are threatened by poaching as their pelts and coats are used in the fashion industry and their bones and teeth are used for their supposed medicinal value. They are also suffering the effects of the increase of the human population, as people are forced to expand the amount of space they need to live and work. Now, the tiger’s natural habitat is being destroyed for the development of industrial, commercial and residential areas. Air and water pollution is another major factor in the demise of the tiger population.
This reserve ranges in altitude from 400 metres to over 915 metres above sea level. Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam is situated within the Krishna River catchment area and covers the districts of Kurnool, Nalgonda, Guntur, Mahboobnagar and Prakasam. The reserve is bordered by the Krishna River and the Nallamalai Hills. It experiences extreme heat during summer and daytime highs can soar to over 40 degrees Celsius. Winters are more temperate, and only occasionally drop below 10 degrees. Summer extends between March and June and the monsoon season follows until October. Therefore, visitors are advised to see the wealth of fauna and flora between the months of November and the end of February when conditions are at their most bearable.
The land is characterised by a dramatic topography of rolling grasslands, thorny bushes, deep gorges, bare cliff faces and a fascinating array of plants and animals amidst all of it. In addition to the Bengal Tigers, various antelope can be seen grazing in serenity within one of the most beautiful lands of the world.
Srisailam is a pilgrim town just outside the reserve. It boasts ancient temples, intriguing markets and lodges for pilgrims who want to lie down next to the quad of the temple. Sunnipenta is another centre that is home to some offices as well as eateries. There are various other tourist hotspots, activities and attractions around Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve. These include natural wonders, cultural adventures and religious journeys.
The nearest airport is situated in Hyderabad, which is 316 kilometres from the park. Flights are conducted from here to the international terminals at Delhi and Mumbai. Alternatively, tourists and visitors are able to access the park by road or train.
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