Sambhar – Cervus unicolor
The exquisite Kanha National Park is situated in Madhya Pradesh in Central India and is characterised by its bamboo forests, dense sal forests, ravines and extensive meadows that are brimming with stunning grasses. This park is known for its magical beauty. However, it is also acclaimed for its various conservation programmes and initiatives, which ensure the preservation of its natural resources as well as the maintenance of the park in general.
Kanha National Park was established in 1955. In 1974, under the guidance of Project Tiger, the greater area of the Kanha Tiger Reserve was formed, of which the national park portion is the core. This project, although focused on Indian Tigers, actually promotes the ideology of the general protection and preservation of endangered species, to which the park is committed. Kanha National Park is revered for its efforts to preserve the Barasingha or Swamp Deer from extinction. This has become one of its chief achievements. Visitors to Kanha National Park are assured of an unrivalled experience of natural India. As a plethora of wildlife roams the plains and forests of the park, a multitude of exciting bird species soars overhead. The tiger is a somewhat elusive animal. In addition to being rare because of its depleted numbers, it generally shies away from contact with humans. However, guests get to experience these beautiful hunters within their natural environment as they traverse the land within the park’s borders. The park is made up of the Banjar Forest and the Halon Valley Forest, both renowned for their biodiversity and abundance.
The park covers an area of just under 2000 square kilometres. It is home to bison, Mouse Deer, Sloth Bears, hyenas, Bee-eaters, kingfishers, woodpeckers, owls, leopards, tigers, pythons, jackals, porcupines, Barasinghas, Barking Deer, and many more species. The Barasinghas at Kanha are unique in that they are of the hard-ground swamp variety. This type of deer lives in the grass tracts of the teak and bamboo forests. They are known for their distinctive calls, which are even more delightful when one considers the fact that these animals faced the very real threat of extinction and were saved by the efforts of the Kanha National Park.
The park also offers visitors a unique insight into the tribes that once occupied this area at the museum. Displays tell the stories of the cultures, customs and daily lives of these ancient peoples, many of which have formed or, at least, influenced the local societies of today.
In 1894, Rudyard Kipling, a globally acclaimed author, released The Jungle Book. Having been born in India and living there at various stages of his life and career, Kipling used the local animal species in his tales to impart moral lessons to children. The story in which a young boy is raised by jungle creatures was set in the area today known as the Kanha National Park because of its fairy-tale beauty.
The climate in Central India displays hot summers and temperate winters. Summer highs often exceed 40 degrees Celsius, while winter highs are within the comfortable mid-20’s. The monsoon season is from July to October or November, during which time the park closes. Nagpur Airport is 275 kilometres away and Jabalpur is 175 kilometres away, making Kanha National Park conveniently accessible to local and international tourists.
For more information, please view: http://www.kanhanationalpark.com/