Eastern India refers to the area of the subcontinent that lies on the Indo-Gangetic Plain. To the north lie the awe-inspiring Nepal Himalayas and the Sikkim Himalayas, to the west is Uttar Pradesh, to the south is Andhra Pradesh and to the east is the beautiful Bay of Bengal. This area experiences high levels of humidity and is subtropical in its climatic nature. The hottest months are between March and June, followed by a monsoon from July to October. Winter extends between November and February. However, most of India is temperate to hot throughout the year.
The famous empires of Kalinga, Magadha and Maurya were based in Eastern India. It is also significant for its being the area from which Buddhism and Jainism originated. In fact, it was after the Kalinga War that Buddhist missionaries were issued forth into the rest of Asia to spread this accepting religion. The Emperor of Kalinga was hailed as one of India’s
Kolkata was originally the capital city of the whole of British India, a state which lasted until as recently as 1911. Today, it is still the capital of West Bengal. Many cities were developed around Kolkata and Damodar Valley as a result of the minerals found in these areas, making them economically viable. Kolkata is also called Calcutta. However, Calcutta is usually used in reference to the entire area, including all suburbs. It is home to over 15 million people and, as such, is the world’s eighth largest agglomeration. It used to be the hub of the educational world, as well as of science, politics, culture and industry. From approximately the mid-20th Century, various political and violent encounters led to the demise of this great epicentre. However, in recent years, the city is once again growing and developing. Problems such as poverty and pollution continue to be addressed in this buzzing metropolis.
Almost 100 million people in Eastern India speak Bengali, followed by Hindi, Oriya and Maithili. However, this area is also particularly abundant in native languages. In these cases, tribal folk usually know Hindi as a second language.
Being such a culturally and historically significant area, Eastern India lures travellers from all over the world to come and experience its mystery and intrigue.