Wild Indian Elephants.
The Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is situated in Assam, a popular tourist state in the north-west of India. This land is known for its blue hills and red river and provides spectacular vistas for discerning travellers. It lies just south of the eastern portion of the Himalayan Mountain Range, which sets the scene for awe-inspiring beauty and an impressive biodiversity. This national park is situated (in part) on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra River, a vital water source for humans, animals and plants in the area. In fact, its situation on the Brahmaputra floodplain is one of the chief reasons for its popularity amongst hundreds of fascinating bird species, many of which are endangered and rare.
It was as far back as 1890 that the forested area in this region was declared the Dibru Forest Reserve, which was extended in 1920 and again in 1933.In 1929, the Saikhowa Reserve Forest was finalised after previous propositions. In 1986, Dibru, Saikhowa and several other areas were combined (by Preliminary Notification) to form the Dibru-Saikhowa Wildlife Sanctuary, which was only finalised in 1995. Two years later, The Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere was declared. 1999 saw the entire area being established as a national park, one of the largest in the Indian state of Assam. Due to its location, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park enjoys a tropical monsoon climate. This means that summers are hot and wet, while winters are generally cool and dry. June to September are the months in which rainfall is at its heaviest, and visitors have to wait until this period is over before they can view the natural abundance within. June to August are also the area’s hottest months, where daytime temperatures reach about 35 degrees Celsius. December and January are the coolest months, where low temperatures can dip below 10 degrees.
The landscapes of this park are characterised by lush forests as a result of the extensive rainfall, which feeds and nourishes the soil and plants. The forests range from swamp and wet evergreen forests to semi-evergreen, deciduous and littoral forests (which are forests within 5 kilometres of the coast).
This fertile, lush area is perfect for many different species of animals to thrive in. Some of these include the Clouded Leopard, Bengal Tiger, Sloth Bear, Malayan Flying Squirrel, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbon, Asian Elephant, several macaque species, the Feral Horse, Asiatic Water Buffalo and so on. In addition, eight different snake species, 62 fish species and over 350 bird species have also been identified. These birds are one of the chief attractions of the park, particularly amongst avid bird watchers. Avian enthusiasts can look forward to seeing the Lesser Adjutant Stork, Indian Shag, Night Heron, Yellow Bittern, Large Whistling Teal, Greylag Goose, Pallas’s Fishing Eagle, Griffon Vulture, Crested Serpent Eagle, White Winged Duck, Greater Spotted Eagle, Bengal Florican, Great Pied Hornbill and Black Breasted Parrotbill.
Tourists require written permission from the Park Authority before they are able to enter the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. Dibrugarh Airport is the closest airport to the park. However, it is still almost 600 kilometres away.
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