Chhattisgarh is a relatively new state, formed in the year 2000, when sixteen districts in Madhya Pradesh gained their own statehood. These districts were all Chhattisgarh-speaking. Today, this language and Hindi are the official languages of the state.

This state is situated in Central India and has Raipur as its capital city. Raipur is well connected to Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi and Chennai via its excellent transport system. Chhattisgarh is surrounded by Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh.

The state of Chhattisgarh is characterised by a low population density and a small government, which works well to maintain political stability. Interestingly, Chhattisgarh is known for its friendliness, openness and hospitality. It is renowned for its excellent record of public order, harmony amongst its residence and generally peaceful ambience.

This is one of the wealthiest states in India due to its abundance of minerals, including diamonds. Its other major industries include steel, cement and aluminium as well as Human Resources and power-intensive industries, which place this state in prime positioning to become the main power supplier to the rest of the subcontinent. It is also ideal for this role due to its central locale.

Chhattisgarh is particularly beautiful in terms of vegetation. Almost half of the state enjoys the aesthetic and natural
Image of location of Chhattisgarh in India
Location of Chhattisgarh in India
wealth of dense forests, over 200 of which are not used for timber. These forests are home to many different plant and animal species. They are also home to many Indian tribes. In fact, about one third of this state’s population still live in forested areas as rural tribes. These groups of people cultivate the land and survive off its produce for their own sustenance as well as for selling to other areas. This is a particularly successful rice-growing region. The central plains are fertile and ideal for living on, while the northern and southern areas are characterised by their many hills and mountains. In addition, northern Chhattisgarh is positioned on the Indo-Gangetic plain, the central part has many tributaries and the southern portion lies on the Deccan plateau; meaning that it has an ample supply of water.

There are currently 18 different districts within Chhattisgarh. These include Bastar, Bijapur, Dhamtari, Kabirdham (Kawardha), Koriya (Korea), Mahasamund, Narayanpur and Raipur.

During ancient times, this area (although not yet known as Chhattisgarh) was an epicentre for Buddhist worshippers. It is also known as the birthplace for the Saint Vallabhacharya, making it a pilgrimage site for Gujarati residents. Many other saints were also known to have originated in this area.

Another distinguishing feature of Chhattisgarh is the way that women are treated and regarded. These women, particularly the rural ones, are independent, ambitious, organised and resilient. They have more entitlement in terms of issues like divorce and are not afraid to express their needs and wants. There are even several temples in Chhattisgarh that are devoted to the ideology of women having power and authority. Examples of these shrines include Shabari, Mahamaya and Danteshwari. In addition, because of this culture’s strong belief in witchcraft, the fact that they view women as having supernatural powers plays a major part in the way that females are regarded.

Tourist attractions include:

• Kawardha
• Chitrakote Falls in the Bastar forest
• Kanker (an ancient town)
• Bhoramdeo (famous for its erotic sculptures)
• Chamaparan (the birthplace of Saint Vallabhacharya)

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