Formerly called the Royal Bardia National Park, this gorgeous Nepalese reserve covers 968 square kilometres of raw wilderness in the Terai district. It was formerly established in 1988. The Geruwa River and the Babai River form boundaries between the natural area and the places that humans have inhabited and cultivated. Unfortunately, the Nepalgunj-Surkhet Highway also forms part of the southern boundary of this protected area, causing major disruptions in the environmental balance and the natural behaviour of the local fauna. Bardia combines with the Banke District to form the much larger Tiger Conservation Unit Bardia-Banke. This is aimed at protecting the endangered Bengal Tiger from human encroachment, poaching and the harmful effects of pollution and industrialisation.
This area belonged to the British from the early-1800’s until 1860, when it was returned to Nepal. It was also a Royal Hunting Reserve in the 1960’s. In 1976, it was made the Royal Karnali Wildlife Reserve and, just six years later, it was renamed the Royal Bardia National Park. In 1984, the official area was extended to include the beautiful Babai River Valley. Bardia received the status of being a National Park in 1988.
The vast majority of the park is occupied by lush, dense forests, which are ideal for the animals that have made this their home. In other areas, savannahs and Riverine forests create added biodiversity and ensure that an increased variety of plant- and animal species are able to inhabit the area. In terms of climatic conditions, the Bardia National Park is best visited between October and April. This is when weather conditions are at their most comfortable and when the maximum number of different species can be enjoyed by onlookers.The One-horned Rhinoceros (also known as the Indian Rhinoceros) is a popular species that this park protects and
Tourists will reach Bardia National Park by travelling from Kathmandu to Napalgunj by bus or plane. Then, they will embark on a five-hour drive from Napalgunj to Thakurdwara, where the reception office is situated.
For more information, please view: http://www.visitnepal.com/bjc/