NATIONAL CAPITAL OF DELHI

 

The National Capital Territory of Delhi has the eighth largest metropolis population in the entire world. The greater National Capital Region includes Noida, Greater Noida, Gurgaon, Faridabad and Ghaziabad. Excluding these areas, the National Capital Territory alone has a population of approximately 13 million people. It has an ancient history, having been inhabited since the 6th century BCE (Before our Common Era). It was always a popular place to settle due to its being located on the Yamuna River, which provided drinking water to the locals and irrigation for their crops, and is still revered as being sacred by the Hindus. The locals call Delhi Dilli.

This area achieved political and economic viability under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate. It was situated along the formal trading routes between the north-western areas and the Indo-Gangetic plains, placing it in prime location for trading purposes. The Mughal Empire was another major political entity in ancient India, having taken control of many of its areas. In the mid 17th century, the emperor of this body built a new walled city within the region of Delhi and made this his capital city, a position that extended from 1649 to 1857. When the English gained control of the area in the 1800’s, they made Calcutta (today known as Kolkata) their capital. This again changed in 1911, when it was moved back to Delhi. Only nine years later, New Delhi was constructed just outside the former Delhi, and made the capital. India achieved political independence in 1947 and kept New Delhi as its capital city and the seat of the subcontinent’s government. Today, this city is filled with people that have migrated from all over India and South East Asia, which ensures a very diverse community and an equally assorted culture.

The entire land area of the National Capital Territory of Delhi covers 1484 square kilometres. Almost 800 square kilometres of this is rural. Its topography is varied and includes arid areas as well as vast agricultural fields. Most of the lakes that once dotted its landscapes have dried up as a result of development and mining. However, the Yamuna River is still a major feature of its geography. The Yamuna flood plains are excellent areas for farming, as the soil is fertile and there is plenty of rain and water for irrigation. Notably, Delhi has a particular abundance of trees, giving it a lush, green appeal. Summers are long and hot, with temperatures soaring above 40 degrees Celsius. Winters are short and fairly mild, although temperatures have been known to drop to zero degrees at times.

The main industries in Delhi include Information Technology, banking, hotels, telecommunications, media and tourism. Real estate, construction, health and community services are also very important to the local economy and Delhi has one of the fastest growing retail industries in the world. This industry is particularly dependent upon tourism for its success.

Over 80% of the local inhabitants of Delhi are Hindus. This means that the city is full of beautiful temples and shrines dedicated to Hindu worship. Muslim followers make up almost 15% of the population, while Sikhs, Jains, Jews and Christians are the minorities. Most of the people in this National Capital Territory speak Hindi, Punjabi or Urdu. English is used extensively in the administration, government and education sectors.

Tourist attractions in Delhi include:
• The Red Fort (A UNESCO World Heritage Site)
• Qutab Minar (A UNESCO World Heritage Site)
• Humayun’s Tomb (A UNESCO World Heritage Site)
• The annual Auto Expo at Pragati
• Rashtrapati Bhawan (the President’s home)
• The beautiful Parliament Houses
• India Gate
• Bahai Temple
• Jama Masjid

Here is the goverment web site: http://delhi.gov.in/


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