The Namdapha National Park is situated in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh within the eastern part of the Himalayan Mountain Range. It is the largest protected area in the entire Eastern Himalayan sub-region and the largest national park in India. This sub-region is known for its optimal biodiversity and stunning forests. Its abundance in flora and fauna has proven to be a major draw card for tourists from all around India and the world to witness such awe-inspiring scenery.
It was requested to be made a National Park in the 1940’s, when it was still part of the North East Frontier Agency. However, it was approximately 25 years later, in 1970, that it was made an official reserve under the management of the Assam Forest Regulation. In 1983, it was formally named a National Park as well as a Tiger Sanctuary.
Being situated within Arunachal Pradesh’s Changlang District, Namdapha National Park is close to the border of Myanmar. It covers just less than 2000 square kilometres, of which 1808 square kilometres is the core area. It is nestled between the Mishmi Hills and the Patkai Mountain Range and is home to the world’s northernmost lowland evergreen forests as well as the huge Dipterocarp Forests and bamboo forests. This positioning and natural abundance make Namdapha one of the most lush and plentiful parks in terms of its vegetation as well as the animals that make this their habitat. The latitude is not constant and, at each major change, the plants and animals differ slightly. Therefore, while the low-lying areas are characterised by sub-tropical broadleaved and sub-tropical pine forests, for example, these change to alpine meadows and snowy areas as one moves further up in elevation.Not only is this area full of exciting plants and animals, but there are also tribal settlements within the park’s borders. These are the Lisu people, who live a tribal, rural life. Around the borders of the park are other fascinating tribes and their settlements. These ones reveal secrets of the ancient way of life enjoyed by native Indians before the arrival of
Nature enthusiasts will delight in the animal species that occupy Namdapha, including exciting bird species. Some of these wild residents include the Snow Leopard, Clouded Leopard, Bengal Tiger, Red Fox, Gaur, Golden Cat, Spotted Linsang, Asiatic Golden Cat, Yellow-throated Marten, Indian Civets (large and small), Common Goral, Red Panda, Capped Langur, Hoolock Gibbons, Rhesus Macaque, Mainland Serow and many more. Just a few of the 425 bird species are the Snowy-throated Babbler (found only in this area), Parrotbills, Ward’s Trogon, White-bellied Heron, Blue-eared Kingfisher, White-tailed Fish Eagle, Amur Falcon, Himalayan Wood Owl, White-winged Wood Duck, Eurasian Hobby and White-cheeked Hill Partridge, many of which are endangered, migratory or rare.
The Namdapha National Park is considered to be somewhat inaccessible. Although this may present challenges to travellers wanting to see its beauty, it is actually a protection as it helps to maintain the biodiversity, cleanliness and superior condition of the park. It remains unspoilt and only has one road through its southern half. The Namdapha National Park is truly a wild paradise in the heart of the Indian landscape.
For more information, please view: http://changlang.nic.in/namdapha.html