INDIA - HERITAGE SITES

 

There are several impressive monuments, temples and natural wonders that have been awarded the World Heritage Site status by UNESCO. UNESCO, or the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, is made up of 21 state parties who identify and formalise forests, mountains, lakes, deserts, monuments, complexes or cities with cultural or physical significance. They have or have had some impact on the shared heritage of mankind. These are very often a destination’s most famous and popular tourist attractions.

India has a rich cultural and religious history, making it one of the prime destinations for World Heritage Sites of cultural or physical significance. The following are some examples:

Ajanta Caves
The excavation of these caves began as early as 200 BCE (Before our Common Era). They contain exquisite Buddhist
Image of a Statue of a reclining Buddha carved on the wall of the ancient Buddhist rock temple (Mahayan Chaitya-Griha Cave Temple), Ajanta Caves near Aurangabad, India. 5th-6th Century AD.
Statue of a reclining Buddha carved on the wall of the ancient
Buddhist rock temple (Mahayan Chaitya-Griha Cave Temple),
Ajanta Caves near Aurangabad, India. 5th-6th Century AD.
paintings. Of the 29 caves, 24 were monasteries and five were temples, all created by Buddhists for their worship. Monks and artisans are believed to have lived in these caves, which were eventually abandoned in 650 CE (Common Era). They were only rediscovered in 1819, when a group of British tiger hunters stumbled upon them.

Ellora Caves
The monks that abandoned the Ajanta Caves moved on to these caves, which comprised 34 monasteries and temples constructed for Hindus, Buddhists and Jains. In fact, it was these Buddhists that constructed the caves, later allowing other religions to develop their own places of worship in additional, surrounding caves.

Agra Fort
This red sandstone fort was constructed in 1565 CE by the Emperor Akbar. It comprises several impressive structures, including the Pearl Mosque, Jahangir Palace and Khas Mahal.

Kaziranga National Park
This national park has achieved global acclaim simply because it is one of the world’s last areas that have not been disturbed by human hands or intervention. It displays northern India at its most pristine and pure. It is popular for its one-horned rhinoceroses, of which it has the highest population in the world.

Fatehpur Sikri
This city was selected by Akbar, the emperor at the time, as the seat of his government and the capital for over a decade. During this time, he was adventurous and exploratory in terms of the architecture and art that would characterise Sikri, creating a unique hub that defined his character and ideals. This city is home to one of the largest mosques on the subcontinent, known as Jama Masjid.

Humayun's Tomb
Image of Humayun's tomb is a complex of buildings built as the Mughal Emperor Humayun's tomb, commissioned by Humayun's wife
Humayun's tomb - Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India

Humayun's tomb is a complex of buildings built as the Mughal Emperor Humayun's tomb, commissioned by Humayun's wife Hamida Banu Begum in 1562 CE, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian architect.It was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, and is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, close to the Dina-panah nothing also known as Purana Qila, that Humayun founded in 1533. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale. The complex was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993.

Mountain Railways of India
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Kalka Shimla Railway make up this formal World Heritage Site. They are all working railways, despite dating back over 100 years. Darjeeling was opened in 1881. Nilgiri is a single-track railway, opened in 1854 and in operation since 1908 (with construction taking a particularly long time due to the tricky terrain of the mountain). Kalka Shimla is also a single-track railway, measuring 96 kilometres and dating back to the mid-1800’s.


And
Here is the Official India Tourism web site: http://www.incredibleindia.org


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